Computers in Health
Uses and How to Use Them
Reynaldo O. Joson,
MD, MHA, MHPEd, MS Surg
Step by Step
on How To Operate a
- Place a check mark after accomplishing each
- Place an "X" mark if you cannot accomplish it
even with the help of a tutor.
- Email me for any problem that you cannot
- Make sure that at the end of the instruction, you
have a check mark for all item to signify you have accomplished
- Get hold of a desktop computer system with a
Windows95 program installed and with a connection to an Internet
Service Provider (ISP) in your community.
- Identify the 3 essential parts or hardwares of
the desktop computer system.
- Central Processing Unit
- Turn on the electrical power of the computer.
- Central Processing Unit
- Turn off the electrical power of the printer
first since we will not be using it yet.
- On the monitor screen, look at the several icons
with corresponding labels which represent the software programs
that are present in the computer. Software programs are the parts
that you use to drive the computer to perform certain tasks. Note
the difference between softwares and hardwares which consist of
the printer, monitor, and central processing unit.
- Locate the "START" box at the left lower corner
of the screen. If it is not visible, use the mouse to bring the
cursor to that particular area and the "START" box will pop
- Click on the "START" box and a list of programs
will pop out just above it.
- Look for "PROGRAMS" in this said list and place
the cursor on it and you will see another list of programs popping
out on the side.
- Identify the following software programs in the
list that pops out after you pointed to "PROGRAMS":
- Windows Explorer
- Microsoft Word
- Internet Mail
- Internet Explorer
- Netscape Navigator
Note down which of the above programs are present
and which are not.
Don't mind the other programs that you see for the
moment. I am sure there are lot more than the 6 that I
- You should be able to locate "Windows Explorer"
because it is present in all Windows95 program. It is the main
directory or what they call file manager of the computer. Click on
it and take a quick look at the directory. Look only. Don't play
with it at the moment. Then close it by clicking on the "X" box at
the right upper corner.
- We will now take a quick look at a word
processing software that may be present in your computer. We use a
word processing software program to create documents or files. If
you find "Microsoft Word," that's it, it is the most popular word
processing software program at present in the market. Don't bother
with the "Accessories" anymore if you have "Microsoft Word." If
you don't have "Microsoft Word" in your computer, place the cursor
on "Accessories" and a list of program will pop out again. In this
list, look for "WordPad," which is also a word processing software
program which you can use. Click on "WordPad" and take a quick
look at the empty file where you can type in anything you want. If
you have "Microsoft Word," click on it and take a quick look at
the empty file. Look only. Don't play with it at the moment. We
will come back to this word processing program after you have 1)
searched the Internet for "Uses of Computers in Health Science
Education" and 2) composed your manuscript with the same title.
Click on the "X" box at the right upper corner to close either the
"WordPad" or "Microsoft Word," whichever you have previously
- At this point, let me show you first how to turn
off the computer system. Make sure to close all files projected on
the screen by clicking on the "X" box at the right upper corner
before you shut off your computer. Once all files have been
closed, the screen will look like the one that you saw when you
turned on the computer earlier, that is, with icons of programs
and with the "START" box at the left lower corner. Click on
"START." Then click on "SHUT DOWN" on the list that pops out. Then
click on "YES" to the question "Are you sure you want to shut down
- I am showing you how to turn off the computer so
that you can do this anytime you feel frustrated or tired. I hope
frustration will not always be a reason for shutting down the
computer. Even if you are frustrated, make sure you shut it down
properly. Okay? Now, turn on the computer again. Repeat the
appropriate instructions that I gave earlier.
- We will now connect the computer to an Internet
Service Provider (ISP). You need the help of the owner of the
computer to do this. Note the owner must know how to connect to
the ISP. Essentially, one way to do this is to place the cursor on
"Accessories" and then look for "Dial-up Networking" on the list
that pops out. Click on "Dial-up Networking" and a box entitled
"Dial-up Networking" will pop out. In this box, if there is an
icon of the ISP, click on it. If not, click on "My Connection."
After clicking on either the icon of an ISP or "My Connection," a
box with a title of "My Connection" will appear. If the computer
is yours, type in your password and click on "Connect."
- After you have connected the computer to the ISP,
I suggest the first thing that we do is to know how to use the
email program. Why? Because after knowing how to turn it on, if
you encounter problems with the self-instructional program or
step-by-step instructions on how to use the computer, and if don't
have anybody nearby to help you, email me right away for help. To
open the email program, click on the "START" box at the left lower
corner of the screen. Then click on "PROGRAMS," then "Internet
Mail." The "Internet Mail" box will appear.
- To send me a letter, click on "New Message" at
the Menu Bar. A mail form will appear with the title "New
Message." In the "To" box, type in my email address:
email@example.com In the "Subject" box, type in "progress
report," and then type a message in the space provided below the
Menu Bar. After you have typed in a short message, click on the
"send" icon, the one containing a flying envelop. If you type in
my email address correctly and click on the "send" icon correctly,
you can be sure your mail will be in my mail box within one
- Try this sending email exercise that will show
you the immediate effect of your effort. Click on "New Message" at
the Menu Bar again. In the "To" box, type in your email address,
if you have one. If not, type in the email address of the owner of
the computer you are using. In the "Subject" box, type in "Hello
to Myself." In the space below the Menu Bar, type in "Hello, I am
doing fine with my computer exercises." Then, click on the "send"
icon. After you have sent it, wait for one minute, try to retrieve
the message that you sent to yourself. To do this, in the Menu
Bar, click on "Send and Receive." In one minute, you should
receive the email that you have just sent to yourself. If you have
any problems at this moment and from here on, just email me. If I
happen to be opening my mailbox right after you have sent me an
email, you sure will be receiving help in one or two minutes.
Otherwise, you just have to wait. I usually open my email box on a
once a day basis.
- We are now ready to surf the Internet. For this
program, we will go to my website, Medline, and AltaVista. To surf
the Internet, we need to open a "browser." There are two commonly
used browsers. One is "Internet Explorer" and the other is
"Netscape Navigator." Which one does your computer have? Either
one will do. To open a browser, click on the "START" box. Then
point to "PROGRAMS." Then look for either "Internet Explorer" or
"Netscape Navigator." If neither is present, then you cannot surf
the Internet. I am confident one is present, especially, "Internet
- Click on either "Internet Explorer" or "Netscape
Navigator." A box or file entitled "Microsoft Internet Explorer"
or "Netscape" will pop out depending which browser you click on
earlier. In the "Microsoft Internet Explorer" file, you will see
the word "Address" with a box adjacent to it. On the other hand,
in the "Netscape" file, you will see the word "Location" with a
box adjacent to it. It is into the box adjacent to either
"Address" or "Location" that we will type in the address of my
website, Medline, and AltaVista.
- We will start with my website. Type into the said
box http://web.pacific.net.ph/~rjoson and press the "Enter" on the
keyboard. In a few seconds, assuming you typed in the address
correctly, you will see the frontpage of my website entitled:
"Education for Health Development in the Philippines." Do you see
it? Look at the whole page. At the bottom part of the page, you
will see among other items "Health Profession Education."
Double-click on this. The frontpage of "Health Profession
Education" will appear on the screen. In this page, click on "Use
of Computers in Health Sciences Education - A Basic
Self-Instructional Program." What you will see afterwards is the
computer or online version of the printed self-instructional
program that you have in front of you right now. Scan through it.
We will come back to this self-instructional program after we have
gone to Medline and AltaVista. However, make sure to fill up the
Preprogram Assessment Form before you exit "Use of Computers in
Health Science Education."
- To go to Medline, again in the "Address" or
"Location" box, erase whatever address you see there at the moment
and then type in
http://www.healthgate.com/medline/adv-medline.shtml Then, press
"Enter" on the keyboard. In the form that will appear, look for
the boxes under "Search." In the uppermost box, type in
"Computers." In the second box, type in Uses in Health Science
Education." Then scroll down or go down the page and you will see
"in increments of" with an adjacent box that contains an Arabic
number. If the number is not 50, erase that number and type in
"50." Then scroll down further and you will see "Limit references
to" and click on the boxes adjacent to "Published in English,"
"Abstracts Available," and "Pertaining to humans." On the "Limit
date range to," click on the button adjacent to "Published
between" and change 1997 to 1966. Scroll down again and click on
"retrieve documents." Then, wait for the titles of papers to
- How many titles do you see? Note down the number
because you need to give it to me in the Postprogram Assessment
form. Look through each of them and select by clicking the box
adjacent to each title to see the abstract of the paper. I suggest
you get the abstracts of all the papers since there are only a few
papers. Down the page, click on "Retrieve Selected References."
Wait for the abstracts to appear and then read through them to get
ideas for your paper on "Uses of Computers on Health Science
- Let us now go to AltaVista. This is a general
search engine. Again in the "Address" or "Location" box, type in
http://www.altavista.com then click "Enter."
- In the "Search For" box, type in "Uses of
Computers in Health Sciences Education" and then click on
"search." What you will get are titles and addresses of webpages
on the topic. Note down the number because you will submit this
figure to me as a proof that you have done this part of the
learning activities. Scan through the titles and double-click on
the ones in which you are interested to see the content.
- After you are through with AltaVista, go back to
my website: http://web.pacific.net.ph/~rjoson and scan through the
webpages to get ideas on how I am using the computer for health
science education. After you are through, disconnect the computer
from the ISP by clicking on the computer icon at the right lower
corner of the screen. A box will pop out. Click on
- Are you ready to compose your paper entitled:
"Uses of Computers in Health Science Education?" If you are,
reopen "Microsoft Word" or "WordPad." I assume you know how to do
this already. If you need to review, go to the appropriate
instructions above. Remember to follow the required format in
writing the manuscript.
Uses of Computers in
Health Science Education
IV. References (a must)
- After you have opened a word processing program,
type in your text just like you are using an ordinary typewriter.
I assume you know how to type. I leave it up to you to play around
with the word processing program. However, I would suggest for the
moment, focus on the alignment and changing of size of font and,
if there is a need to do these, underlining, italicizing, and
bolding of letters. Look at the Menu Bar for these functions. "B"
- stands for Bold; "I" - Italic; and "U" - Underline. Place the
cursor in "B" and see the "Bold" tag that pops out. Do the same
for "I" and see what happens. Place the cursor on the number,
usually no. 10, to the left of the "B" and tag that shows "font
size" will pop out. Change the font size to 12 either by erasing
"10" and then typing "12" or just click on the arrow adjacent to
"10" and then click on "12." The boxes to the right of "U" contain
the alignment commands. Play around with it.
- After you have typed in the text, do the
- Save it by clicking on the icon on
the Menu Bar that shows a floppy disk. A box with the title
"Saved as" will appear. You will be asked for the file name
that you will use to identify your file. You can use any name
you want. For the moment, type in "compuse." Are you confused
already? Ha! Ha! Joke only. The other question which you have
to decide is where to save the file. For the moment, I will
teach you how to save it in the hard disk and in a floppy
- To save your file in a hard disk, in the "save
in" box, click on the arrow and then click on "(C)" under "My
Computer." The "(C)" will apppear automatically inside the box.
Then click on "save".
- To save your file in a floppy disk, you must
have a floppy disk inserted inside Drive A. To look for Drive
A, look for an area in front of the central processing unit
(CPU) where a floppy disk can fit and inserted into. The other
drive that is usually seen in front of the CPU is the disc
drive or CD-ROM drive. So, to save your file in a floppy disk,
in the "save in" box, click on the arrow and click on "3 ½
Floppy (A)" under "My Computer." The "3 ½ Floppy (A)" will
automatically appear inside the box. Then click on "save."
- The next thing that we will do is to print
your file. Turn on the power of the printer. Place papers on
the paper holder. Then look at the Menu Bar on the screen. You
will see the printer icon. Click it. In a few minutes, the
printer should start printing your file. If there is any
dialoque box with regards the printing job, just answer the
- To close your file, click on "X" box at the
right upper corner of the screen. Close it now because I will
show you how to retrieve it.
- To retrieve your file, click on "START", then
"PROGRAMS", then "Window Explorer." In the left box of the
Window Explorer, using the arrows to scroll up and down, look
for and click "3 ½ Floppy (A)" or "(C)", wherever you
previously saved your file. Then look at the right box. Look
for "compuse." Double-click it and expect the entire text of
your file to reappear on the screen. Now close your file by
clicking on "X" on the right upper corner.
There are two more things that we will have to do
to complete the program.
- Connect the computer to the ISP again. Open a
browser and type
in the "Address" or "Location" box. Accomplish the Postprogram
Assessment Form then press the "submit" button. The other thing
that you have to do is to fill up the Student's Assessment of the
Self-Instructional Program and then press "submit" button. If you
have difficulty submitting the two prepared forms, email me so
that I can send you forms that can be easily sent back to me.
- The last thing to do is to go back to your email
box and send me your manuscript. Open the email box. Click on "New
Message." Type in firstname.lastname@example.org after "To" and "Manuscript
on Use of Computers in Health Science Education" after "Subject."
Write me a short note on how you feel at the end of this program
and your experience in distance learning. After this note, click
on "clip" icon at the Menu Bar which carries a tag of "insert
file." A box entitled "Insert Attachment" will appear. In the
"Look In" box, click on the arrow to locate either "3 ½ Floppy
(A)" or "(C)" depending on where you placed and saved your
"compuse" file. Then, in the file name box, type in "compuse."
Then click on "attach." Then, click on the "send" icon.
- After you have insured that you have sent me
everything that you need to send me, you may now turn off the
- Take a rest. Go back to the computer tomorrow or
the day after for your continuing education on the use of
computers as well as on health science education.
Thanks for being a
very patient and obedient learner.
I enjoyed being your
Joson, MD, MHA, MHPEd, MS Surg
Uses of Computers in
Health Science Education